February 5, 2023

Valley Post

Read Latest News on Sports, Business, Entertainment, Blogs and Opinions from leading columnists.

Debt “bombshell” threatens Europe in 2023 after interest rates rise – recession and austerity are coming

Switching from quantitative easing to QT in 2023 will raise bond yields because governments will issue debt that central banks can no longer buy.

in one spiral Economic tornado expected to be found Europe as well as with Tighter monetary conditions Caused by higher interest rates by the European Central Bank and other central banks will record an increase in b that happens to Covering increased budget costs.
revenues Government bonds are expected to increase in 2023 As long as governments continue to do so uncontrolled fiscal spending and debt issuance that central banks would not be able to buy, According to Peter Twogood, chief investment officer at Embark Group, central banks are stepping up their efforts to reduce their budgets, As reported in this CNBC article on Saturday, December 24, 2022.
Central banks around the world have shifted from quantitative easing to quantitative tightening in the past year.
m interest rates increasedat the fastest pace and largest scale in at least two decades in 2022 as policymakers battle against inflation.
supervised central banks The 10 most traded currencies on the planet They embarked on It raised interest rates by 2,700 basis points at 54 meetings over the past 12 monthsn, according to Reuters calculations.
All central banks except this one Japan It has raised interest rates this year, although monetary policymakers in Tokyo surprised markets in December with their decision to widen volatility in bond yields, in a move that heralds tighter monetary policy.
the hero of the story US Central Bank (Federal Reserve) that raised interest rates for Mrsincreased by 225 basis points over the past 12 months.
With regard to the United States, This is one of the most aggressive years in terms of monetary policy in the last 20 yearssays David Horner, head of its emerging division Bank of America Global Research.
It indicates when it is Monetary policy is so tight, you should expect more than just a recession.
On a monthly basis, the data showed thatSeven of the 10 largest central banks raised interest rates in December.
The F modelEd, the European Central Bank, the Bank of England, the Central Bank of Australia, Norway, Canada and Switzerland all raised interest rates cumulatively by 300 basis points.
We had a rush Septemberwith an increase in interest rates and so onat 550 basis points.
Also, five on 1Eight central banks raised interest rates by 260 basis points in Decemberless than 400 basis points in November and 800 per month in July and June.
Emerging market central banks have raised interest rates 93 times by 7,425 basis points so far this year, nearly tripling the 2,745 basis point increases in 2021, according to Reuters calculations.

See also  DEDDIE: Compensation for vacations in excess of 72 hours

financial expenses

At the same time, most of the movement in stock and bond markets over the past few months has been attributed to hopes Central bank policy shifts from sharp increases in interest rates.
The markets plunged into a short rally and so onAlthough recent data has shown that inflation has peaked in many economies.
“HeyI still believe that bond yields will continue their upward trajectory for the wrong reasons… I still think September is a warning of what is to come if governments continue to spendToogood said.
Over the course of September, the yield on 10-year US bonds briefly rose to 4% as investors tried to anticipate the Fed’s next move.
At the same time, the British 10-year bond yields rose so high that the Bank of England had to intervene to protect the country’s financial stability and prevent the collapse of British pension funds.

Shrinking central bank balance sheets

Toogood estimates that MTransition from quantitative easing to quantitative tightening in 2023 Bond yields will be pushed up because Governments will issue debt that central banks can no longer buy.
The European Central Bank is committed to starting It is “offloading” part of its huge €5 trillion portfolio from March next year.
Bank of EnglandIt is accelerating the pace of its asset sales and has pledged to sell £9.75 billion worth of government bonds in the first quarter of 2023.
But, Governments will continue to issue government bonds in a market in which central banks will no longer buy; Toogood points out.

See also  Kia Stonic vs Seat Arona vs Suzuki Vitara

How will the market evaluate a new €400 billion debt issuance?

At the same time, in this very negative economic environment, European governments i(a) Additional debt issuance in 2023 to address the energy crisis and energy costs.
However, given that the ECB will reduce reinvestment operations, the pressure on the market will increase and will increaseGovernments will have to entice private investors to buy an additional 400 billion euros in debt.
Since 2015, when the QE program began, the European Central Bank has been the guaranteed buyer of government bonds and the lender of last resort.
After all, it has absorbed in its portfolio aAverage volume of new bonds issued by eurozone governments between 2019 and 2021.
However, since the new year, it will start counting its portfolio in the first phase ADLimit the reinvestment of those bond earnings due.
Far from coincidental, the ECB’s policy change coincides with this Efforts of eurozone governments to mitigate the effects of rising energy costs.
This means that they need additional money, so they will issue new additional government debt.
the Germany in particular will issue record debt over the next year.
according to her calculations Bank of America, the amount of new government debt that investors will be required to absorb in 2023 will be double the previous record a decade ago.
This means that the fileIssuing authorities will need to work twice as hard to attract investors.
At the same time they risk paying much higher returns, ieThe ECB’s aggressive tightening policy and new interest rate hikes announced by Christine Lagarde last week have convinced investors that another half-percentage-point increase in borrowing costs will follow in the new year..
You receive the European bond market
The increase in yields is for sure

German 10-year bond yields have already increased by 250 basis points during the year and Italian yields by more than 300 basis points, of which 50 basis points. It was only during the last week.
BNP Analysts Paribas, Deutsche Bank and Citigroupwho undertake the sale of public debt to eurozone countries, for example an appreciationGovernment bond yields will continue their upward trend next year as well.
BNP Paribas estimates that the sales of these bonds It will push the 10-year German bund yield to 45 basis points. With that, it came in at 2.75% in the first quarter of the year.
For now, the bank will continue to reinvest some of the debt it bought during the pandemic. However, at the same time, it will start shrinking the $5 trillion in bonds. euros that have accumulated in its portfolio during the years of quantitative easing, Selling €15 billion worth of bonds per month from March to June.
What will happen next is still not clear.
In late November, the ECB’s working group, which has contacts with the market, said the biggest concern was the large amount of debt investors would need to buy privately.
As noted by Julien Le Peron, Managing Director of Investments F.CAllianz Global Investors, “It is a fact that investors are not willing to buy Eurobonds next year.”
Eurozone bonds take hit from hawkish rate outlook — חדשות TradingView
First… Italy is a thorn

See also  Here's your first full look at the Cadillac Celestic's ultra-luxury electric sedan

After all, Italy’s debt sustainability is a cause for concern.
Italian 10-year bond yields exceeded 4% and are beginning to spook investors.
However, not all banks expect a further increase in yields in the new year.
the JPMorganfor example, it is estimated that it will be Retreatwhile even BNR We expect them to decline after the initial rally. After all, there is also mailWe hope that the high returns will attract investors And in the event of a recession, it would make bonds more attractive because they are low-risk investments.