December 3, 2022

Valley Post

Read Latest News on Sports, Business, Entertainment, Blogs and Opinions from leading columnists.

Planetary Defense Test: On Monday night, DART will collide with asteroids

For the first time, humanity will attempt to de-orbit a space rock. If dinosaurs had thought about it, they might still be alive, having avoided a large asteroid hitting Earth 66 million years ago.

On Monday night, the most thoughtful and sophisticated human being will attempt exactly what we’ve seen in science fiction movies: deflect an asteroid by launching a car-sized spacecraft, DART, like a rocket (Double Asteroid Redirection Test) the US space agency (USA)NASA).

The $330 million, 550-kilo robotic cube DART is set to crash, after traveling nearly 11 million kilometers from Earth, as it was launched in November 2021 – at 2:14 pm Greek time on Tuesday, September 27 – to the satellite The small Dimorphos (160 meters in diameter) of the larger Gemini asteroid (about 780 meters in diameter). It is the first crucial “rehearsal” for planetary defense should such space rocks pose a threat to Earth in the future.

This is the first test of a technology to deflect/avoid a potentially devastating asteroid. The DART spacecraft hitting the asteroid at 22,000 kilometers per hour will aim to use kinetic energy to move it slightly out of its orbit. Something similar may have to be done in the future with another large asteroid whose orbit is in danger of crossing our planet.

The “bombing” of Dimorphos – which will result in the destruction of DART – is expected to change its orbit slightly (by about 1%) so that it orbits Gemini a little closer and faster. Telescopes coming from Earth will watch to see if this really happened.

See also  NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 Ti & RTX 4090 Graphics Card Showcases 3-Slot Founders Edition Point-to-Cooler For Next Generation BFGPUs

At the same time, DART has already since 9/11 launched the Italian-made LICIACube small spacecraft (14 kg) that will approach Dimorphos at a distance of 55 km and its cameras will photograph the effects of the collision. The event will also be monitored by various ground and space telescopes, including James Webb.

The US mission will follow the European Space Agency’s (ESA) HERA mission, which will send a German-made spacecraft, accompanied by two small scorching satellites (the Melanie and Juventus cubes), to Gemini and Demorphos for closer study. The hole to be created, as well as other effects of the DART effect. HERA is expected to launch in 2024 and reach the asteroid and its moon in late 2026.

If DART fails to find its target, it has enough fuel to give it another chance in two years to try again at another space rock. The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Baltimore is in charge of the task.

It should be noted that China is also preparing for a planetary defense mission similar to the asteroid Bennu in 2026.

NASA TV and ESA TV will broadcast the DART effect live, as well as NASA’s social media (Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube).

Source: RES

today’s news

Follow kathimerini.gr on Google News and be the first to know all the news

See what’s new News From Greece and the world, in kathimerini.gr

// INITIAL ANALYTICS setTimeout(function () { (function (d, s, id) { var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; js.async = true; js.src = "https://www.googletagmanager.com/gtag/js?id=G-JJJ7LY7JGM"; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); }(document, 'script', 'ga-1'));

window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || [];

function gtag() { dataLayer.push(arguments); }

gtag('js', new Date());

gtag('config', 'G-JJJ7LY7JGM', { 'custom_map': {'dimension3': 'Author'} });

gtag('event', 'author_dimension', {'Author': 'Newsroom'});

}, 0)

// NEW SECOND ANALYTICS setTimeout(function () { (function (d, s, id) { var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; js.async = true; js.src = "https://www.googletagmanager.com/gtag/js?id=UA-112314455-3"; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); }(document, 'script', 'ga-2'));

window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || [];

function gtag() { dataLayer.push(arguments); }

gtag('js', new Date()); gtag('config', 'UA-112314455-3');

}, 0) }; document.addEventListener("scroll", NXQuantFuncGTAG);

var NXFbPixel = function () { document.removeEventListener("scroll", NXFbPixel); setTimeout(function () { !function (f, b, e, v, n, t, s) { if (f.fbq) return; n = f.fbq = function () { n.callMethod ? n.callMethod.apply(n, arguments) : n.queue.push(arguments) }; if (!f._fbq) f._fbq = n; n.push = n; n.loaded = !0; n.version = '2.0'; n.queue = []; t = b.createElement(e); t.async = !0; t.src = v; s = b.getElementsByTagName(e)[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(t, s) }(window, document, 'script', 'https://connect.facebook.net/en_US/fbevents.js'); fbq('init', '109138906120213'); fbq('track', 'PageView'); }, 0) } document.addEventListener("scroll", NXFbPixel);

var NXTagManager = function () { document.removeEventListener("scroll", NXTagManager); setTimeout(function () { (function(w, d, s, l, i) { w[l] = w[l] || []; w[l].push({ 'gtm.start': new Date().getTime(), event: 'gtm.js' }); var f = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0], j = d.createElement(s), dl = l != 'dataLayer' ? '&l=" + l : "'; j.async = true; j.src="https://www.googletagmanager.com/gtm.js?id=" + i + dl; f.parentNode.insertBefore(j, f); })(window, document, 'script', 'dataLayer', 'GTM-NMQLP77'); }, 0) } document.addEventListener("scroll", NXTagManager);