February 5, 2023

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Poland proposes an international convention on war reparations with the participation of Greece

“Poland is increasing the pressure on Germany War reparations» Report of the ZDF network of Polish Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Commissioner for War Reparations, Arkadiusz Mularczyk, during a two-day visit to Berlin (December 6 and 7). After all, he recently took on the country’s international representation to demand €1.3 trillion in reparations from Germany, which have been referred to by a special committee of the Polish parliament and already handed over to the German Foreign Ministry.

Deutsche Welle reported that the tone was raised by the Polish side ahead of the official start of the two-day visit and meeting with German Vice President Arkadiusz Mularczyk. Anna Luhrmann, responsible for foreign affairs, European affairs. The occasion was a flurry of reports from the German news agency dpa. “Issue of War Reparations Fundamental to Poland” He went a step further and said: “Germany now has only one option: either sit down at the negotiating table with Poland or Warsaw must raise the issue in all international forums: the UN, the Council of Europe, the European Union.”

Warsaw calls for an international conference

Indeed, the following Polish proposal is also causing a stir.

The fact is that apart from Poland, Greece also continues to demand war reparations from Germany, which, as all Greek governments have maintained over time, they are fully active. However, at this time, there were no Greek reactions to the Polish Vice President’s statements. Foreign.

Arkadys Mularczyk continues: “It is unlikely that the German government will not take this matter up until the next federal elections. A dialogue must be held, otherwise, the consequences will be negative for our neighborhood.” According to dpa already two weeks ago Poland sent an official diplomatic note to the 51 countries of the European Union, NATO and the Council of Europe, communicating its positions on the issue and “asking them to understand”.

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Polish Undersecretary for Foreign Affairs Arkadiusz Mularczyk

However, the Polish side is not ready to tone down. “Nothing under the carpet”, insisted the Polish deputy minister, emphasizing the consistent German position that the issue of war reparations ended with the 2 plus 4 agreement of 1990. He says Germany has been characterized by “peace, limitation and oblivion” since the 1950s, “people who have searched for justice all their lives in Poland but never found it” and pensions in Germany for “former Wehrmacht soldiers and members of the SS”.

Confirmation of PiS’s new position or pre-election weapon?

According to observers in Germany familiar with German-Polish relations, Polish claims are now moving to a new level, officially putting the “internationalization” scenario on the table. Warsaw, they estimate, is using all diplomatic, legal and political means at its disposal to increase pressure on Germany. However, these moves should be seen in the light of the next important parliamentary elections, probably next autumn. High on the ultra-conservative PiS’s agenda will be Poland’s 1.3 trillion euro claims against Germany, which most Poles consider valid. At the same time, a large part of the electorate is governed by “anti-German” sentiments, which PiS seeks to exploit politically. According to the same sources, it remains to be seen what position Greece will take on the issue.

On the other hand, official sources in Berlin may look favorably on the possibility of “honest dialogue” with Poland, estimating that 1.3 trillion euros is objectively unrealistic under current conditions. Some also question whether such dialogue with countries like Poland or Greece is really “genuine” and not an opportunistic vehicle for domestic political gains.

However, it is interesting to point out the claims for war reparations, historian and scholar of the Polish language Karl Heinz Roth, when asked to comment on the Polish claims for DW, called the Polish parliamentary expert report “solid on the basis of documents” and “the total damage of Poland losing 40% of its GDP at the hands of the Nazis.” gives in the picture”. In fact, he characterizes the Greek claims as equally “comprehensive,” despite their differences with the Polish languages ​​in terms of content, scope, and methodology.

Source: Deutsche Welle

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