A slight decline of 0.3 million tons was recorded in EU milk production, which reached 160 million tons, while product prices jumped sharply in 2022 (on average 35.1% higher than in 2021).
In particular, according to Eurostat data for 2022, there was a sharp and steady rise in product prices until 2022, with the average price during the year being 35.1% higher than the average in 2021. Accordingly, the 2021 average was 7.2% higher. Of the average price of milk for 2020.
Greater than average increases in milk prices in 2022 were seen in the Netherlands (by 47%), Poland (by 46.9%), Ireland (by 44.9%), and Germany (by 44.8%).
Prices for milk producers rise sharply in 2022 by 35.1%
The vast majority of raw milk (149.9 million tons) was delivered to dairy companies, while the remainder was used directly on farms to produce dairy products. Of the 149.9 million tons of milk delivered to dairy companies, 145.6 million tons were cow’s milk, while the rest was goat or buffalo milk.
Cow’s milk represents the vast majority of milk delivered to dairies in most EU member states.
However, Greece belongs to those countries where supplies of goat milk prevail over cow’s milk. According to the data, 57.7% of the milk delivered to the Greek dairy industry came from sheep and goats. Accordingly, 1/5 of the births (21.1%) were to sheep and goats in Cyprus as well.
According to the data, in 2022 Greece produced 0.9 million tons of sheep and goats, followed by France with 0.8 million tons. In first place is Spain with 1.1 million tons of milk.
In the European Union, average annual milk production continued to increase, reaching 7,653 kg per dairy cow in 2022.
The highest productivity was recorded in Denmark (10,187 kg per cow) and Estonia (10,128 kg per cow) and the lowest in Bulgaria (3,621 kg per cow) and Romania (3,367 kg per cow).
In 2022, according to the data, dairy factories produced 22.5 million tons of raw milk, 2.3 million tons of butter, and 10.4 million tons of cheese. Combined, the production of cheese and butter used 70% of the whole milk available to dairies in the European Union.
Among EU countries, Germany was the largest producer of raw milk (19% of the EU total), butter (20%), and dairy products such as yogurt (29%) and cheese (22%). France was the second largest producer of butter and cheese (18% of each product).
Germany, along with Spain (15% of the EU total), France (13%), Italy (11%), and Poland (9%), will account for two-thirds of drinking milk produced in the EU in 2022.
Other EU countries were major producers of fresh and other processed dairy products: the Netherlands was the second largest producer of dairy products in the EU (15% of the total), the fourth largest producer of cheese (9%), and the fifth largest producer of butter (10%), in While Ireland was the third largest producer of butter (13% of the EU total) and the fifth largest producer of dairy products (7%).
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