1. The deepest picture of the universe ever recorded
her early morning July 12th For the year 2022, w James Webbthe biggest A space telescope in the world, equal to a tennis court, gave it to us The deepest picture of the universe ever recorded.
It is a historical picture that allows us to look further 13 billion years, Back. Roughly at the beginning of the birth of the universe dating back 13.8 billion years ago.
in a picture The faint light of countless suns is recorded in thousands of galaxies, It belongs to the galaxy cluster SMACS 0723. According to NASA, it was captured during a full day.
2. The AI project won a drawing award
in a Sept. 7 2022 Video Game Designer Jason Allen won first prize at the Colorado Fine Arts Festival in the US with his three works under the title. “Stage space opera” (Space Opera Theatre).
The entire project is the product of artificial intelligence software. Medjourney. Allen did not use brushes, paints, or canvases. Except for the computer keyboard and his imagination, of course.
The prize for the work in question has become an occasion to discover its fascinating world The art of artificial intelligence. Tools like Midjourney or DALL-E allow users to create unlimited images from scratch or, if desired, artwork.
Users write what they want to describe their photo, from What may include, for example, cats, even elegance, for example Klimt, or Color, eg black and white, and artificial intelligence software The result is assumed. The combinations are endless An impressive result.
However, another AI tool deserves its place in the year under review. the chat. An AI (artificial intelligence) application that carries out dialogues, answers questions, knows more or less what Wikipedia does, and produces texts similar to human typing. To the point where the book feels menacing.
It was released in beta form on November 30th by OpenAI, based in San Francisco, USA and is the most advanced form of GPT string. The immediately previous AI program in the same series was GPT-3, who wrote one Opinion article for The Guardian.
3. Defeat leukemia, which “affects” children for the first time
At the end of the year, British scientists announced the first successful clinical trial of the treatment Acute lymphoblastic leukemia. One of the most common forms of leukemia in children and it arises from B or T lymphocytes, which are responsible for protecting us from viruses.
treatment is used genetically modified cells A volunteer with a healthy immune system It aims to strengthen the patient’s immune system.
It was first applied in 13-year-old Alyssa The results were very encouraging. The “incurable” disease went into remission and Alyssa returned home after consecutive months of hospitalization.
4. Maybe nuclear energy can save the planet
For the first time in history, energy was produced through nuclear fusion with effective utility.
In particular, scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California succeeded for the first time in producing more energy than was consumed in the production process, by Nuclear fusion.
Unlike nuclear fission, which is how nuclear reactors operate so far, which creates huge environmental problems from time to time, see Chernobyl, during nuclear fusion Not Waste and radioactive gases are producedresponsible for global warming and climate change. And besides, more energy is produced with nuclear fusion.
That is why it is often called and “future energy”. Why It promises to be a potential source of nearly limitless clean energy. After all, the sun also produces energy through fusion.
This is a scientific achievement of great importance. However, according to BBCstates the scientific community cautionWhere the current experiment produced energy capable of boiling only a few liters of water and cost billions of dollars.
5. The first re-welding process in Greece
In the early hours of September 12, 2022, he was 11 years old Transfer from Zakynthos Hospital to Children’s Hospital “Agia Sophia” in Athens, with a “severe wound of the upper extremities at the height of his height Central arm”. That is, with an amputated hand.
An 11-member surgical team was immediately formed with scientists from “Laiko”, “KAT” and “Agia Sophia” and the little patient underwent surgery to reattach the limb. 9 hours later, Doctors announced The operation was completed successfully.
It is about a Historic moment in its space medicine In Greece, where it constitutes The first successful limb reconnection operation Shoulder height in a child in Greece.
However, it should be noted that this is not the first time that our country has taken the lead in this sector. the 1967Greek medical scientists performed the first limb reconnection in Europe. The difference with the “first” this year is that the process happened to a child. Children have less developed blood vessels than adults, which makes this type of surgery more challenging.
6. Researchers discover where “black” began death”
In June 2022, researchers from two German universities discovered The origin of bubonic plagueone of the deadliest epidemics in human history, also known as the “Black Death”.
In a related journal publication “nature”Researchers led by Greek researcher Dr. Maria Spiro revealed that the analysis of The DNA of seven people who died in the fourteenth century from disease, concluded that the epidemic originated from Eurasia Specifically from the area in which it is located today Kyrgyzstan.
This is a historic moment as the international commented Click on “Solve the 675-year-old riddle”.
It is noted that bubonic plague (plague), records the period 1348-1353, Almost cost a life 200 million people in Europe, Asia and Africa
7. Back to the Moon
in a November 21 Unmanned historical mission Artemis 1 arrived in Moon. About NASA’s most important achievement in 50 years And the first positive evidence that humans can return to the moon.
the Orion capsule From the mission flew over the moon, without landing on it, and after 25 days, on December 11, He returned to Earth.
As announced by NASA, the goal of the program is conservation The permanent presence of astronauts on the moon and construction space station In orbit around the Earth’s Moon, which will initially connect the Earth to Mars And later with other regions of our solar system.
8. The first successful transplant of a pig’s heart into a human being
On January 7, 2022, surgeons at the University of Maryland Medical Center in United States of Americathe first successful transplantation of a transgenic pig heart to a 57-year-old patient, who was suffering from schizophrenia Chronic heart disease.
Unlike the previous one organ transplantwhich failed because the human body immediately rejected the “foreign” organ, this time the scientists used a pig’s heart, which had previously undergone Gene editing.
The successful outcome of the surgery was great Historic moment Medical Sciences, where the first step for Transplantation of animal organs into humans. fact that is expected Save millions of lives that have been “lost” due to terror lack of mind.
57-year-old David Bennett has been able to live for it two months with the Pig’s heart to function normally.
9. In the “light” of the complete human genome
Scientists have cracked a complete code for the first time human genesnow covering all chromosomes from one end to the other with unprecedented precision.
The human genome consists of billion people DNA “messages”. divided into 23 pairs of chromosomes.
to read the whole genomeScientists had to cut it into pieces each a few hundred or thousands of letters long. Then the sequencing machines read the individual characters (the bases) in each piece, and the scientists tried to put the pieces together in the correct order, as in Difficult mystery.
Most 100 researchers From the US National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) and other universities, which carried out the research, explained that Great finds It is essential to understand the full spectrum of human genetic variation, the genetic background of specific diseases, and human evolution.
10. A 3D printer created ear implants
At the beginning of June 2022 a group of doctors was created with the help of 3D printera human ear, transplanted by a 20-year-old patient from Mexico.
Experts first built one “Mold” from the “healthy” other ear Collect cells from the cartilage. Then, they cultured the cells in the lab until enough was produced, mixed them with collagen hydrogels, and created a mixture that they used to 3D print the implant.
transplant AuriNovo Developed by 3DBio Therapeutics It is expected to help thousands of stunted children.
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